Aleksander I Romanow (1777-1825)

Russian Emperor (1801–1825) and King of Poland (1815–1825). He was the eldest son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Wirtemberska, grandson of Empress Catherine the Great. He succeeded to the throne as a result of a conspiracy. He was widely educated, and enacted various liberal reforms in Russia. In consequence of wars fought during his reign, he incorporated numerous lands into Russia.

He denounced Catherine’s policy towards Poland and supported reinstating Polish independence. He was one of the initiators of convening the Vienna Congress of 1815, which reinstated the Polish state (Kingdom of Poland known as ‘Congress Poland’), which remained in union with the Russian Empire. He travelled to Warsaw on numerous occasions. He would stay in the Palace on the Isle, which he had bought from Maria Teresa Tyszkiewiczowa. He died in Crimea.